September 12, 2023

September 12, 2023

September 12, 2023

albums that came out in 1991 that are better than nevermind”

originally posted: February 13, 2014

Periodically music people will mention, in a sneering way, that Spin rated Teenage Fanclub’s Bandwagonesque as the best album of 1991, beating out Nirvana’s Nevermind, which they ranked third (after second-place REMs Out of Time).

However, Spin was correct. Both Bandwagonesque and Out of Time were better albums than Nevermind and, I would argue, they hold up much better today. Nirvana is fascinating culturally and from a business perspective, musically, not as much. Nevermind is very weak, and is not even the best Nirvana album: Both Bleach and Unplugged are much better.

1991 was an extremely strong year for music so, in another sense, Spin was wrong. The best album of 1991 was probably Loveless by My Bloody Valentine. Of course, exact rankings of this sort are subject to endless argument. Maybe Steady Diet of Nothing is better. Therefore, I have arranged the following list of albums that came out in 1991 that are better than Nevermind in alphabetical order, to avoid controversies of this kind.

808 State: Ex:el
AFX: Analogue Bubblebath Vol I
Atheist: Unquestionable Presence
Bats: Fear of God
Beat Happening: Dreamy
Big Audio Dynamite: The Globe
Billy Bragg: Don’t Try This at Home
Blur: Leisure
Bolt Thrower: War Master
Bonnie Rait: Luck of the Draw
Cannibal Corpse: Butchered at Birth
Carcass: Necroticism - Descanting the Insalubrious
Coil: Love’s Secret Domain
Consolidated: Friendly Fa$cism
Daniel Johnston: Artistic Vice
De La Soul: De La Soul Is Dead
Death: Human
Dinosaur Jr.: Green Mind
Earth: Extra-Capsular Extraction
Electronic: Electronic
Feelies: Time for a Witness
fIREHOSE: Flyin’ the Flannel
Front 242: Tyranny (For You)
Fugazi: Steady Diet of Nothing
Gavin Bryars: After the Requiem
G&R: Use Your Illusion I / Use Your Illusion II
His Name is Alive: Home Is in Your Head
KLF: The White Room
Lassigue Bendthaus: Matter
LFO: Frequencies
Liz Phair: Girly Sound
Massive Attack: Blue Lines
MBV: Loveless
Meat Puppets: Forbidden Places
Melvins: Bullhead
Mercury Rev: Yerself Is Steam
Momus: Hippopotamomus
Morbid Angel: Blessed Are the Sick
Morrissey: Kill Uncle
Mudhoney: Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge
Nation of Ulysses: 13-Point Program to Destroy America
Ned’s Atomic Dustbin: God Fodder
Ocean Blue: Cerulean
Orb: The Orb’s Adventures Beyond the Ultraworld
Pet Shop Boys: Discography
Pixies: Trompe le Monde
Plaid: Mbuki Mvuki
Pooh Sticks: The Great White Wonder
Primal Scream: Screamadelica
Prince: Diamonds and Pearls
REM: Out of Time
Screaming Trees: Uncle Anesthesia
Screeching Weasel: My Brain Hurts
Sebadoh: Sebadoh III
Sepultura: Arise
Slayer: Decade of Aggression
Slowdive: Just for a Day
Smashing Pumpkins: Gish
St Etienne: Foxbase Alpha
Superchunk: No Pocky for Kitty
Teenage Fanclub: Bandwagonesque
Thee Headcoatees: Girlsville
Thee Headcoats: Headcoatitude
This Mortal Coil: Blood
Throwing Muses: Real Ramona
Tribe Called Quest: Low End theory
Wedding Present: Seamonsters
Ween: The Pod
Wonder Stuff: Never Loved Elvis

Thank you to the Friends of Tom for the following additions, some of which I know and agree with, others which I trust meet the criteria for inclusion and will investigate further.

Slint: Spiderland
Cranes: Wings of Joy
The Young Gods: Play Kurt Weill
Doubting Thomas: The Infidel
Matthew Sweet: Girlfriend
Neil Young & Crazy Hose: Weld and Arc
Monster Magnet: Spine of God
Ice Cube: Death Certificate
The Jesus Lizard: Goat
Voivod: Angel Rat
Dead Horse: Peaceful Death & Pretty Flowers
Geto Boys: We Can’t Be Stopped
Del tha Funkeé Homosapien: I Wish My Brother George Was Here
Skid Row : Slave to the Grind
Fudge Tunnel: Hate Songs
Black Sheep: A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing
Vic Chesnutt: West of Rome
Tags 1991, music

July 1, 2023


June 6, 2023

Google v Oracle Timeline

Decentralizing Data Governance Summer Privacy Institute, 2023

The litigation centered around Google’s use of Java APIs (specifically, declaring code”) in the Android operating system, whether those APIs were protectable by copyright, and if so, whether Google’s use constituted fair use under copyright law.

2005-2010: Google’s Use of Java The issue began in 2005 when Google tried to negotiate a deal with Sun Microsystems, the original owner of Java, for using its APIs in Android. When negotiations failed, Google created its own version of Java for Android but copied the declaring code” of 37 Java APIs, amounting to about 11,500 lines of code. Google claimed it had to do so to ensure compatibility and familiarity for programmers, instead of asking people to learn a new programming language for a brand-new platform that was not a guaranteed success.

2010: Oracle Acquires Sun Microsystems In 2010, Oracle Corporation acquired Sun Microsystems, thereby gaining control of Java. Oracle was unhappy with Google in general, including its use of Java APIs, and decided to sue. In August 2010, Oracle filed a lawsuit against Google, claiming that Google’s Android operating system infringed its copyrights and patents relating to Java.

2012: District Court Ruling The case first went to trial in 2012. District Court Judge William Alsup ruled in Google’s favor, stating that the APIs in question were not copyrightable because they were a method of operation.””

2014: Federal Circuit Court Decision However, Oracle appealed this decision, and in 2014, the Federal Circuit Court reversed the District Court’s decision. The Federal Circuit heard the case because there were initially patent claims which dropped off the case, and the Federal Circuit is the sole appellate court for patents. It held that the Java APIs were copyrightable but sent the case back to the District Court to determine whether Google’s use could be considered fair use.

2016: Second District Court Trial The case returned to District Court in 2016. This time, the jury found that Google’s use of the Java APIs was covered under the fair use doctrine, once again ruling in favor of Google.

2018: Second Federal Circuit Court Decision Oracle appealed again, and in 2018, the Federal Circuit Court reversed the District Court’s decision for the second time. It held that Google’s use of the Java APIs did not constitute fair use.

2019: Supreme Court Review Google then appealed to the Supreme Court.

2021: Supreme Court Decision On April 5, 2021, the Supreme Court ruled 6-2 in favor of Google. The Supreme Court held that Google’s use of the Java APIs was fair use as a matter of law.

June 4, 2023